Monkfish or fish with a flashlight
Monkfish, monkfish or European (lat. Lophius piscatorius) is a predatory fish squad udenstvertne. The name “monkfish” this was due to a very unattractive appearance.
The fish is edible. The meat is white, dense and boneless. Especially popular are “monkfish” in France.
Body length up to 2 meters, often 1-1. 5 meters. Weight — up to 20 kilograms or more. The anglerfish’s body naked, covered with numerous leathery outgrowths and osseous tubercles. On both sides of the head, on the edge of the jaw and lips fringed hanging shreds of skin, wiggling in the water, like algae, making it barely visible on the ground.
Body flattened, compressed in dorso-ventral direction. Head flat, broad, flattened on top, with approximately two-thirds of the length of the whole body. Mouth large, Crescent-shaped with forward protruding lower jaw and sharp hooked teeth. Eyes are small. Gill openings have the form of two small slits just behind the pectoral fins. Soft skin without scales; numerous dermal fringes along the edge of the trunk.
The first dorsal fin consists of six rays, the first three separated beam. The first ray of the dorsal fin transformed into a “fishing rod”(Illizi) with an illuminated “flashlight” (eskih) at the end. Length ellicia reaches 25 % of the length of the body. The second dorsal fin (10-13) and anal (9-11 soft rays) fin located against each other. The pectoral fins are greatly enlarged and expanded at the end. They can make rotational movements, which allows the fish to crawl along the bottom. Pelvic fins are located in the throat.
Coloration; the back is brownish, greenish-brown or reddish, with dark spots. The underparts are white, except for black posterior edge of the pectoral fins.
Distributed in the Atlantic ocean off the coast of Europe from Iceland and the Barents sea to the Gulf of Guinea and the Black sea, North sea, English channel, Baltic sea. Lives at depths of 18-550 M.
Typical bottom dwellers, commonly found on sandy and muddy bottom, sometimes proserity, and among the seaweed and among the rocks.
Main diet is fish. Able to crawl and even “bounce” with their pectoral fins rukovodimyj. Often monkfish lying on the ground motionless. He is able to hold your breath for a few minutes. Merging with the bottom, monkfish lures her prey bait-eskih. When the prey swims up to the hunter, angler in a fraction of a second opens his mouth and sucks back the water together with the victim.
Spawning occurs in late winter and spring (up to a depth of 180 m). Caviar vymatyvayutsya females in the form of gelatinous strip length 9 m and 90 cm in width. Young fish move to the bottom of life at a length of 5-6 cm.